Reporting from Sciencing, sunlight plays a very important role in the growth and development of plants because it plays an important role in the processes of photosynthesis and photomorphogenesis. Here are the benefits of light for plants:


Plants make their own food from inorganic substances and convert them into organic matter and energy. The process of making this food is called photosynthesis.

Reporting from National Geographic, sunlight hitting plant leaves will be absorbed by chlorophyll or green leaf pigment and convert it into glucose and oxygen.

Glucose and minerals are needed by plants to form organs of leaves, stems, and roots in plant growth and development. Plants can be distinguished based on the length of time they get sunlight or photoperiod.

This is because the areas on the Earth's surface have different lengths of solar radiation. According to photoperiodism, plants are divided into plants with short days, long days and neutral days.

• Short Day Plants

Short day plants are plants that get less sunlight than their dark period. This plant can flower when exposed to light The sun is less than 11 hours. Examples of short-day plants are strawberries, sweet potatoes, and chrysanthemums.

• Long Day Plants

Long day plants are plants that get the sun's rays longer than their dark period, which is more than 12 hours. Examples of long-day plants are potatoes, cabbage, and wheat.

• Neutral Day Plants

Neutral day plants are plants that do not depend on the period of exposure, but depend on the age of the plant itself. Examples of long-day plants are corn and tomatoes, which have a harvest period that is consistent with each year.

In general, the key to fulfilling sunlight intake is:

The need for sun is another common mistake in gardening. Because, there are plants that need full sun. This means that it takes a minimum of 6 hours of sun exposure. Plants with partial sunlight require 3-6 hours of exposure per day, preferably morning or after midday sunlight.

There are also plants that simply can't stand getting too much sun exposure. Plants that require partial shade need shade (in the shade of a tree or other source of shade) and can get 3-6 hours of sun exposure per day.

Meanwhile, those that need full shade can only thrive in indirect sunlight for less than 3 hours per day. Most vegetables and nuts need full sun. However, lettuce, for example, needs shade. Each plant's need for sunlight is quite specific. The key, research.

Every plant will grow and grow well if during the photosynthesis process enough sunlight is fulfilled from every corner of the tree gap. And always be accompanied by enough water every day.

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